Types of Cameras: Click it!
A camera is a gadget for capturing or documenting visual images in the type of photographs, videos, either on digital or film and video signals. Camera is necessary not just by the device itself, but in what it creates. Nowadays, videos and photographs have become more fundamental to education, communication and even in preservation of history.
In this present time, there are more than 70 types of cameras that are being used throughout the world. Below are some of the types of cameras with definition and image:
An animation camera, a type of rostrum camera, is a movie camera specially adapted for frame-by-frame shooting animation or stop motion. It consists of a camera body with lens and film magazines, a stand that allows the camera to be raised and lowered, and a table, often with both top and underneath lighting. The artwork to be photographed is placed on this table.
An autofocus (or AF) optical system uses a sensor, a control system and a motor or tunable optical element to focus automatically or on a manually selected point or area. An electronic rangefinder has a display instead of the motor; the adjustment of the optical system has to be done manually until indication. Autofocus methods are distinguished by their type as being either active, passive or hybrid variants.””
A backup camera (also called reversing camera) is a special type of video camera that is produced specifically for the purpose of being attached to the rear of a vehicle to aid in backing up, and to alleviate the rear blind spot. Backup cameras are alternatively known as ‘reversing cameras’ or ‘rear view cameras’. It is specifically designed to avoid a Backup collision.
A banquet camera is a type of large format camera used in the early 20th century for photographing large groups of people in formal occasions.
A box camera is a simple type of camera, the most common form being a cardboard or plastic box with a lens in one end and film at the other. They were very popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The lenses are often single element designs meniscus fixed focus lens, or in better quality box cameras a doublet lens with minimal (if any) possible adjustments to the aperture or shutter speeds. Because of the inability to adjust focus, the small lens aperture and the low sensitivity of the sensitive materials available, these cameras work best in brightly lit day-lit scenes when the subject is within the hyper focal distance for the lens and of subjects that move little during the exposure — snapshots. During the box cameras, box cameras with photographic flash, shutter and aperture adjustment were introduced, allowing indoor photos.
Bridge cameras are cameras that fill the niche between the single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs) and the point-and-shoot camera. They are often comparable in size and weight to the smallest digital SLRs (DSLR) and there are also super zoom DSLR-shape bridge camera with retractable lens to make it more compact, but almost all digital bridge cameras lack an optical viewfinder system (film bridges generally had a lighter version of a reflex finder).
A camcorder is an electronic device combining a video camera and a video recorder. Although marketing materials may use the colloquial term “camcorder”, the name on the package and manual is often “video camera recorder”. Most devices capable of recording video are camera phones and digital cameras primarily intended for still pictures; the term “camcorder” is used to describe a portable, self-contained device, with video capture and recording its primary function.
A camera phone is a mobile phone which is able to capture photographs. Most camera phones also record video. The first camera phone was sold in 2000 in Japan, a J-Phone model.
Closed-circuit television Camera
Closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras can produce images or recordings for surveillance purposes, and can be either video cameras, or digital stills cameras. Marie Van Brittan Brown was the inventor of the CCTV camera.
A point-and-shoot camera, also called a compact camera, is a still camera designed primarily for simple operation. Most use focus free lenses or autofocus for focusing, automatic systems for setting the exposure options, and have flash units built in.
Mirrorless interchangeable lens Camera
A mirrorless interchangeable lens camera (MILC, commonly referred to simply as a “mirrorless camera”), is a camera with an interchangeable lens that does not have a mirror reflex optical viewfinder. They are a subset of interchangeable lens cameras, a category that also includes single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs or DSLRs for digital models).
A dashcam or dashboard camera is an onboard camera that continuously records the view through a vehicle’s windscreen. It may be attached to the interior windscreen or to the top of the dashboard, by suction cup or adhesive-tape mount. Dashcams may provide video evidence in the event of an accident.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that encodes digital images and videos digitally and stores them for later reproduction. Most cameras sold today are digital, and digital cameras are incorporated into many devices ranging from PDAs and mobile phones (called camera phones) to vehicles.
An action camera is designed to work outdoors and underwater. These cameras are usually used by adventurers since it is more portable and can be used underwater since they are waterproof.
Drones are flying cameras. Cameras are usually embedded in a small helicopter that flies, depending on its quality, in the sky up to hours long and at a height. These cameras are meant to capture a place in bird’s eye view and are usually controlled by remotes.
A camera helps communicate a story of a person, a place or an event. It can also enhance the learning of the students by its photographic visuals and most importantly, cameras can capture special events and preserve memories. [Lagawan.org 2016]